About 2 years ago it was the first time when I heard about AI. Now it seams that it could help radiologists to check X-rays . Back then it wasn’t even in Alpha tests and now it becomes reality.
Right now in Europe when mammograms are performed, normally 2 radiologists are looking for the signs of cancer. In a near future it will most certainly change. AI will be detecting irregularities in x-rays scans thanks to deep learning and big data base of images of breasts with anomalies.
A few start-ups already started working on those programs e.g. Berlin-based MX Healthcare which collected over 1 million imagines (just like the one below on the left). Google also started working on AI with the same purpose using program called Lymph Node Assistant, or LYNA.
Above: Left: a slide containing lymph nodes. Right: LYNA identifying the tumor region.
Image Credit: Google
LYNA detects metastatic tumors made of cancerous cells which break away from their original tissue , circulate through the body and form new tumors in other parts of the body. Those cells are extremely difficult to detects and due to that there are around 0,5 millions deaths annually. In one of the tests Google operating system received 99% accuracy ( comparing to human with only 62% ) which only tells that in future AI will be used 100% with or without help of radiologists.
The difference between LYNA and other AI is a data base. Google AI uses open source data which let it learn and practice more efficient than other programs.
To sum it up, AI in the future will be checking probably all X-ray imagines due to it superiority over humans, but it doesn’t mean that radiologists will lose their jobs. This is because AI will be able to check the past of the cancerous changes but not the future of them.