Author Archives: Morozov Mark

The microchip was created from graphene. It is 100 times faster than standard.

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Creating the Smallest Ever Microchips with Graphene “Nano-Origami”

Researchers at the University of Sussex have created a prototype microchip that uses graphene and its appropriate combination to deliver significantly better performance than standard chips. According to the assumptions of physicists, it should offer 100 times the more incredible speed of action.

The innovative microchip, created by British scientists, was made from graphene, although it can be replaced with other materials with a similar structure and susceptibility to modifications.

For its production, the “nano-origami” method is used, which includes “stacking” the raw material in such a way that the resulting shape becomes many times smaller than originally intended. Thanks to this discovery, graphene chips can be noticeably smaller than conventional chips and much faster.

According to researchers from Sussex, this discovery will soon find use in computers or smartphones, which will significantly facilitate the development of the electronics and IT industries. They argue that the current semiconductor technology is already on the brink of development, and the new solution will remove the limitations for years to come.

The robot “Perseverance” arrives on Mars to look for traces of alien life.

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On Thursday night, the US space agency NASA landed a new rover, Perseverance, on Mars. The rover’s main task will be to search for traces of bacterial life on the Red Planet. Scientists are sure that if there was once life on Mars, it falls from 3 to 4 billion years ago when there was still water on the planet. Perseverance is the third spacecraft to arrive on Mars in the past month: earlier robots from the UAE and China entered its orbit. All three missions left the Earth in July 2020.
“This is amazing,” said the acting director. NASA chief Steve Yurczyk. The dispatch of the device took place in challenging conditions due to the pandemic and related precautions, he said, which only increases the joy of success.

Perseverance will serve as a scout for future rovers, Yurczyk said: the experience of a successful landing simplifies the task for the next missions.
Landing on Mars was a daunting task. Unlike the Moon, it has an atmosphere, which makes landing very difficult: only about 40% of such missions succeed.

The Atlas-5 launch vehicle with the American Perseverance (Perseverance or Perseverance) rover launched from the Cape Canaveral launch site in the United States on July 30, 2020. In six months, the spacecraft covered the distance from Earth to Mars of almost 500 million kilometers.
Before landing, Perseverance experienced “seven minutes of horror” – the time of transition from the upper atmosphere to the surface of the Red Planet. To do this, he dropped the speed from the second space (for Mars, it is about 20 thousand km / h) to the speed of a pedestrian. The rover is located at a distance of hundreds of millions of kilometers from us, which means that the signals transmitted by it reach the Earth with an almost 10-minute delay. If something went wrong at some point, it would be physically impossible to adjust the landing trajectory quickly.
The Jezero crater’s satellite images, where the device landed, indicate that the now dried-up river once flowed into a vast lake there.

It is one of the best-preserved Martian deltas, where rivers have formed sediment layers from brought in rock debris, sand, and possibly organic hydrocarbons.

Presented black Sony PlayStation 5. More precisely – two versions at once

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At the time of the announcement, it was said about 20 kg of gold, but then the console would cost three times more, so Caviar decided to reduce the mass of gold to 4.5 kg. In a month and a half, Caviar received over 1,300 orders for this console. Among those interested was the famous American basketball player LeBron James. The company also received an order from a well-known Russian businessman and an equally well-known American IT businessman, whose names were not disclosed.
High demand has led Caviar to release not one as initially planned but nine PlayStation 5 Golden Rock consoles. It will take about four months to create such a unique console.

Many PlayStation fans are eagerly awaiting when Sony releases the PS5 in black, as not everyone likes the original two-tone design. Caviar has unveiled two black PlayStation 5 consoles covered in carbon and leather.
The carbon version will be released in 99 units for $ 5830, and the Caviar logo is made of 24-carat gold. Another version is covered in crocodile leather and costs $ 8,140. The circulation is also 99 consoles.

Bitcoin has risen in price to a record 50 thousand dollars. In six months, it grew by 350%

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The cost of bitcoin at the auction on February 16 reached a record high of 50 thousand dollars. Half a year ago, the cryptocurrency was worth about 11 thousand dollars. Since that time, its value has increased by 350%.

The rapid growth of quotations began in the fall of 2020. Back in October, Bitcoin was worth about $ 11,000, and in December, its value exceeded $ 20,000. In January, quotes exceeded $ 40,000.

After that, bitcoin’s cost returned to the level of 33 thousand dollars, but in February, there was a recent jump in the rate. The auction was influenced by the news that the car manufacturer Tesla has invested $ 1.5 billion in bitcoin and will accept cryptocurrency as payment.

How Bitcoin grew in price during the coronavirus?
Bitcoin began to rise noticeably in March 2020 after the outbreak of the coronavirus pandemic. In connection with the coronavirus’s spread, the governments of various countries have introduced restrictive measures, which led to a slowdown in business activity.

The US and EU have decided to stimulate their economies with additional spending. Many investors believe that massive stimulus measures will weaken the euro and dollar. There are also fears that an increase in money supply will lead to an acceleration in inflation. Against the backdrop of these concerns, investments in bitcoins have increased, the supply of which is limited.

Also, experts and investors expect the use of cryptocurrencies in the traditional financial system to increase. The decisions of individual companies indicate this. For example, earlier payment services Square and PayPal, which about 300 million people in total use, added the ability to buy cryptocurrencies to their applications.

The previous maximum of quotations was recorded in December 2017, when the cost of bitcoin was approaching the $ 20 thousand mark. Then the quotes rose sharply in a few weeks, and then there was a collapse, and in a few months, bitcoin fell in price to 3.2 thousand dollars.
However, the current growth is different from what happened in 2017. At that time, the cryptocurrency was bought mainly by private investors from Asia, and now institutional investors and large companies, mainly from the USA and Europe, participate in trading.

Some experts still consider bitcoin as a “bubble,” the value of which will collapse sooner or later. Even investors anticipating the growth of quotes warn that cryptocurrency trading remains exceptionally volatile, and sharp price fluctuations should be expected.

However, questions remain as to whether cryptocurrencies have any value. Some experts fear that investments in bitcoin and its analogs may be lost.

The US created a tiny robot that 90% of water

Reading Time: < 1 minuteResearchers at Northwestern University in Illinois have created a water-based robot that can perform a variety of functions, including moving things, catalyzing chemical reactions, and even dancing. The robot, like a small animal, is soft on the outside, as it is 90% water, and has a nickel base on the inside that can change shape in response to external magnetic fields. These robots are tiny – about the size of a coin – but they can perform several tasks, such as walking at the speed of the average person, as well as collecting and carrying things. According to the researchers of who created the tiny robot are expected to make even smaller versions of it – small enough to operate at the microscopic level, possibly for drug delivery programs directly in the patient’s body. Robots can also be programmed to work on a “swarm” scheme, which would allow them to combine to solve larger tasks, such as suturing in the event of an injury. Anyway, such technology can be used in any field of activity and will be helpful everywhere.

Resource: https://news.northwestern.edu/stories/2020/12/aquatic-soft-robot-inspired-by-sea-creatures-walks-rolls-transports-cargo/

Disney has created a robot that mimics human facial expressions

Reading Time: < 1 minuteThe American company, The Walt Disney, has developed a robot that mimics a person’s face’s movements, including blinking and involuntarily moving his head. The sensor in the chest area warns you when you need to return to the person standing next to you. His gaze shifts from direct eye contact to rapid eye movement, known as saccades. Also, the robot moves slightly up and down, simulating breathing. The publication notes that most humanoid robots focus their gaze on the human face, but this is not how humans communicate. The Disney team of researchers explained in their paper “Realistic and interactive view of the robot”: “The view is a key social signal that shapes people’s perceptions of each other when interacting. For example, people with whom we have more eye contact are perceived by us as more intelligent, honest, sincere, and reliable. The developers added that a view is an important tool for the interactive nature of the robot. The study aims to develop a system that mimics the mutual human gaze. Disney will be able to use this technology for animatronic characters in its theme parks. The company’s research division has been working for some time to make more realistic robots; in 2018, he introduced his robot Stickman, which could do a backflip in the air, “to mimic the height of a man performing a trick with his hands raised above his head.”

Realistic and Interactive Robot Gaze

The new M1 Chip

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Apple has already held its third fall online presentation dedicated to an unusual but significant innovation – new branded processors for their PCs. The primary product was the Apple M1 computer chip. The Apple M1 could be a 5nm system-on-a-chip (SoC) with 16 billion transistors. It accommodated eight CPU cores, eight graphics cores, and a 16-core computational neuro block, within the way of what is in Apple’s mobile processors. A part of the CPU consists of two clusters: four powerful cores and four energy-efficient ones. The graphics processor includes 128 execution units, and its performance reaches 2.6 teraflops, which is plenty. Compared to past processors used in Macs and MacBooks, the new Apple M1 has the fastest performance per watt – twice as fast than processors used before.

            Moreover, laptops and computers running on the Apple M1 will perform background tasks while sleeping. In terms of software, developers will receive the mandatory tools to form and optimize applications for both Apple and Intel platforms. Apple’s processors also will be ready to run applications and games designed for the iPhone and iPad. Within the future, it is planned to transfer all computers and laptops to the proprietary platform. The primary devices to use the Apple M1 were the MacBook Air 2020, Mac Mini 2020, and MacBook Pro 13 Pro 2020.

            Of course, after each presentation, many questions appear, like – Apple took advantage of the actual fact that the new Apple MacBook Air with the M1 processor is 98% faster than comparable Windows laptops. Where did they get this information? What PCs on Windows did they compare to? On behalf of me personally, the main  questions will be is there any difference in performance between MacBook Air and MacBook pro if they both are on precisely the identical processors, then what is the purpose of buying the pro version? What do you think about this new chip?

 

 

https://www.apple.com/mac/m1/

https://www.apple.com/newsroom/2020/11/apple-unleashes-m1/

 

ELON MASK CALLED TESLA’S NEXT “KILLING PRODUCT”

Reading Time: 2 minutesElon Musk said Tesla’s next “killer product” would be a solar roof for Solar Roof buildings.

“What do you want to see around in ten years? What products will make your life better? What future do you want? I think a future in which we will have good energy-generating roofs; they will be strong, elastic, and better than a normal roof in all respects, ”said the head of Tesla. Now Tesla is actively increasing the production and sales of solar roofs. According to statistics released by Musk, in the third quarter of 2020, the pace of implementation of Solar Roof has tripled compared to the same period last year. Tesla is also accelerating its recruitment to meet the demand for solar roofing and is preparing to enter the international market for the first time: sales of the Solar Roof will soon begin in Canada. It will be recalled that Tesla began work on this project in 2016. Solar Roof consists of a tile with built-in solar panels: they transfer the collected energy to the battery, which, in turn, supplies voltage to the inverter for conversion into alternating current. One of the main advantages of Solar Roof is the economy. A year ago, Elon Musk wrote in his Twitter that such technology will allow Americans to save up to $ 500 a year on utility bills. Besides, the solar roof is easy to install. The kit for the average house with  ​​approximately 185 square meters can be installed in just 8 hours, while the assembly of a conventional roof takes several days. Solar Roof also comes with a 25-year warranty.

To conclude, Tesla is continually expanding its range of environmentally friendly products that solve many people’s issues. This way, Tesla is also trying to occupy one of the leading markets in the world. Will they be able to do it? What do you think? It is not yet known when new technologies will come and will be available in Europe.

 

Resources:

https://twitter.com/elonmusk

https://electrek.co/2020/10/25/tesla-next-killer-product-solar-roof-elon-musk/

 

The IPhone 12

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Last night a new generation of iPhones was presented to the world, the iPhone 12, and its versions. This presentation was for the first time in the company’s history. Due to quarantine, Apple did not manage to prepare new devices for the annual presentation of the Apple Event at the Steve Jobs Theater. In this blog, I will show the new features and pricing of the device.

First, it is worth starting with the new (old) design of the iPhone 12. The new phone will have a new design, although the same style was used in the early models of the iPhone 5, which were quite successful in the market. The new models will use Ceramic Shield, which Apple claims are the toughest glass available on the market. The new case will be made of surgical stainless steel. A new color has also become available – Pacific blue.
The new iPhone 12 will have a 6.1-inch Super Retina XDR screen with a resolution of 2532 x 1170 pixels and a pixel density of 460 pixels per inch. The older model Athos 12 Pro Max will have a 6.7-inch screen with a resolution of 2778 x 1284 pixels.

During the presentation, Apple spent a lot of time on their new cameras. The iPhone 12 pro max will have four cameras, but one camera is a lidar. LiDAR (or ‘Light Detection and Ranging’) works similarly to radar, only it uses lasers to judge distances and depth. This is big news for augmented reality (AR) and, to a lesser extent, photography too. All three cameras have a 12-megapixel resolution. The wide-angle camera has an aperture of f / 2.4 at a viewing angle of 120 degrees. The conventional camera received a seven-element lens and an F / 1.6 aperture. The iPhone 12 Pro telephoto lens has an F / 2.0 aperture lens, while the iPhone 12 Pro Max has an F / 2.2 aperture. Simultaneously, the iPhone 12 Pro’s optical zoom is four times (with two times intermediate mode), and on the iPhone 12 Pro Max – five times (with a medium mode of 2.5x). The digital zoom reaches 10x and 12x, respectively.
Then, there was presented a fascinating thing called the iPhone 12 mini. The device will use all the same technologies as the iPhone 12, but it will be smaller with 5.4 inches screen.
The new iPhone will support a 5G connection as well. 5G mmWave technology delivers the fastest data rates, but operators need to install more cell towers to experience the benefits. It has been stated that the iPhone 12 can provide gigabit download speeds on their network.
And the most exciting part is the Prices. Prices for new devices in America start at $ 799 for the standard 12 models, $ 699 for the iPhone 12. The iPhone 12 Pro and iPhone 12 Pro Max start at $ 999 / $ 1099.
Overall, it was a good presentation with good devices shown; however, the presentation didn’t show anything extremely new.

Links: https://www.apple.com/iphone-12-pro/

https://www.apple.com/iphone-12/

https://www.apple.com/apple-events/october-2020/