Recently 5G technology has been receiving a huge amount of attention. We are being told that 5G is going to drastically change our daily lives. It will enable us to create smart cities, deploy fully autonomous vehicles, connect to the massive internet of things, communicate orders of magnitude faster, and many more. However, we should question whether all of these claims are real and achievable with the technology. What are the pitfalls of the 5G?
5G versus 4G
5G is the fifth generation global wireless technology. The technology differs to a great extent from its predecessor – 4G LTE network. It is believed that the speed of 5G will be 100 times faster than 4G’s. For instance, we perceive the 4G network as quite fast, a maximum speed of 4G is 12.5 MB/s. On average, the speed is significantly lower due to various bandwidth demands – 1.87 MB/s. It usually takes 27 minutes to download a 3-gigabyte movie with 4G technology. When it comes to 5G, the speed is drastically higher. The speed of 5G is topping out at 2.5 GB/s. According to the source, the average speed of 5G may come closer to 87.5 MB/s taking into consideration various restrictions. If we were to download the same 3-gigabytes movie with 5G technology, it would take us only 27 seconds. Its also believed that the next generation of global wireless technology will provide higher capacity, meaning that the technology would be able to connect more devices simultaneously than the previous generation. The technology is going to supports millions of devices per square mile, unlike 4G supports only a fraction of this.
Advantages and disadvantages.
When it comes to advantages of the technology, higher speed, and enhanced connectivity are promising to provide a better mobile user experience and way faster communication. Secondly, 5G will enormously impact the internet of things, because, in order for devices to communicate with one another, they need fast internet and seamless connection. The same advantage applies to autonomous vehicles. While moving the vehicle powered with 5G technology will be able to ceaselessly communicate with other vehicles on the road, send data to manufactures and assess driving conditions. Finally, the enhanced connectivity that 5G presents will drastically reshape health care in rural areas. The 5G will push the development of telemedicine, remote surgeries, and physical therapy using augmented reality. China was the first country to use 5G technology to perform surgery on an animal .
However, we should keep in mind a few disadvantages of the technology. First and foremost, not all mobile phones will be able to support 5G technology. Secondly, in order to deliver 5G to the customers, a carrier will have to build additional infrastructure. The investments that the carrier will make, may directly impact the price of mobile plans. Finally, it is also believed that the technology will be energy-hungry. It means, that manufacturers of various mobile devices will have to develop new batteries that will able to withstand new demands.
I truly believe that 5G will greatly impact the way we communicate, consume information, use various devices. However, we should keep in mind that the implementation of 5G is quite a complex task that requires a lot of resources and time.