Category Archives: Software

What is Big Data?

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To all us gathered here it sounds like a silly question. But is it?

Big data - Co to jest? - Integral Solutions

According to data from 2018, over 3,7 billion of people are using the internet. That’s almost half of the world’s population. We can obviously tell from the very beginning, that this internet thing is kind of a big deal. For example, Google has to process (answer) over 40 thousand questions per second, which is around 40 trillion bytes of data (yes, 40 000 000 000 000 bytes which is equivalent to 40 000 gigabytes). No wonder that Google is running over 3 million servers located mainly in the US, Asia and Europe.

Big Data is just big, variable data. Processing and analysing the data is hard and takes a lot of effort to be extracted, but companies who gather all this information are using very fast servers (computers) to manage and store such a big amount of evidence. Also, data, in general, is very valuable – it’s easy to say, that it’s the most valuable thing in the whole world because it leads to gaining a new collection of pieces of information about clients (internet users). The concept of Big Data was created or expanded with the rise of the internet because the speed and ability of processing of data have picked up very drastically.

The value of Big Data basically depends on how you manage them and not only by leaning on their amount. The data which are generated by various sources can be easily used in an IT trade company in order of lowering the costs, reducing time, producing a new commercial offer or creating new, better strategical decisions.

Mass data connected with highly advanced analysis in the company of new high tech tools also support business processes  such as evaluating the causes of some errors, faulty work, generating various coupons in all kinds of web stores, calculating the risk of many transactions or detecting a behaviour which could bare the abuse of certain company/organization.

So, summarizing and generally speaking, big data is all the data which is available to gather by the usage of the internet about everything – people, companies, shares, transactions, conversations, preferences, any kind of goods, history etc.

Now on to the second part of the topic, what is 5V? This abbreviation stands for Volume, Variety, Velocity, Veracity and Value – these are the crucial keys which make big data such a big deal.

Volume – it is the general amount of all the gathered and stored data during the usage of the world wide web. The size of the data determines the value and potential insight, and whether it can be considered big data or not.

Variety – The type and personality of the data. This helps people who analyze it to effectively use the resulting insight. Big data draws from text, images, audio, video; plus it completes missing pieces through data fusion.

Velocity – this term stands for the speed of harvesting the data throughout the internet. As mentioned above, the velocity of data processing is painstaking but crucial. This forces the companies which are interested in collecting big data to invest bulk amounts of money into the hardware which is going to be able to extract all the demanded information on time. In order to increase the velocity, a process called sampling is widely used.

Veracity – this is sort of an extended definition for big data, which refers to both the quality and value of the data. The quality of data can is very variable, so it is very important to squeeze everything valuable from the product and store it in the correct order

Value – The value of the end product which is important specifically for the user himself. All the data itself has no value at all, but there are a lot of people, and especially companies/enterprises who are willing to pay unbelievable amounts of money for the final product. Take a look at Facebook, for example, just look around it and you’ll quickly realize, that there’s a suspiciously big amount of advertisements which are actually connected to what you are interested in, what you have recently talked about or what you just googled. All these ads are basing on big data which tells them who likes what kind of product

Big data seems to be a ground-breaking invention when speaking of technological progress, but in my opinion, this is too much to handle for such a simple creature, a human. The process of raising Big Data was like a domino, something that couldn’t be stopped once it was launched. The demand for this product became so high, that it couldn’t be undone at this point. In these days, Instagram knows nearly everything about its users. Study shows, that an average user of Instagram has his own profile which has over 900 pages of information gathered about them – this is how Big Data works. It’s something brilliant, but also the level of invigilation is simply scary. Big Data to me is just very controversial, it helps in many situations such as predicting terrorist acts, prevent environmental crisis or a crash of the market, but also can violate or privacy – because what else is important to us if not privacy?

  “they” just know literally everything about us. A movie called “Snowden” is a great visualization of what I mean – because what else is important to us if not privacy?

The legend has fallen

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Tom Warren on Twitter: "is Internet Explorer ever truly dead?" / Twitter×1518.jpg

Loved by few, hated by many. The legendary browser that enabled us all to view our profiles on Facebook or MySpace is soon to be a thing of the past. The infamous Internet Explorer (IE) has been reportedly shut down and the Microsoft will no longer offer support to this app.

30 Of The Internet's Funniest Reactions To Internet Explorer's Shutdown |  Bored Panda

Developed in 1995 for the upcoming Windows 95 package, and offered as the default browser for all Windows computers, generated a lot of users. By 2003 it had a 95% usage share among all browsers. From there, the usage plummeted, as Google’s Chrome, Mozilla’s Firefox and Opera’s Opera quickly outperformed the good old IE. Windows tried to revive it and keep it living for almost 2 decades more, but the time has come to put it all to an end. The explorer will live on in the form of the Microsoft Edge which will be still offered in Windows products until 2029, and after that the future is unsure.

Internet Explorer is officially dead and the internet is having a field day

We all remember the years of pain the poor performance gave us and the time spent waiting for a website to load, which would usually end in code 404 provided by the great IE. Still, we can thank it for the memories of our younger years and for being a good meme material.

It sadly is the sign of an era coming to an end, and let us raise one last glass to our good pal, Internet Explorer. Our task is to tell our children about this ancient app, that did not work and caused us so much trouble, and remind them how lucky those bastards are with good internet speeds and browsers that let them do whatever they want.

Share your best memories about the Intenet Explorer in the comment down below👇


Yes, Internet Explorer Is Dead, But Will Microsoft Edge Take Over?

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A Greek God who will steal your money

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The ubiquitous use of technology in our life comes with a lot of challenges and threats. One of the most pressing phenomena right now is cybercrimes which rate is constantly increasing. According to the Statista, in 2020 there were over 23 thousand incidents of cybercrime in Poland which is an 88 percentage point increase compared to 2019. The most popular data breaches are interconnected with hacking (45% worldwide), errors (22%), social attacks (22%), and malware (17%). In this article, we will focus on the last scope, namely on a particular malware that goes by the name of the most powerful Greek God – Zeus.

Before we move to explain all the details of Zeus, we first need to briefly go through what is actually a Trojan horse. This is also interconnected with Greek mythology term is very intuitive when you know the story of it. As it was with the wooden horse where Trojans hid in order to attack the city without notice, it is the same story with a digital Trojan horse that intends to steal valuable data by misleading people of its true intent. 

So what’s up with Zeus?

Zeus is a Trojan horse malware that firstly occurred around July 2007. It is believed that it was developed by a 22-year-old Russian hacker who went by the name “Slavic.” Despite his young age, no one should underestimate his coding skills. According to FBI and U.S. Law Enforcement data, Zeus attempted to steal over 220 mln USD from personal and business bank accounts all over the world. Eventually, it managed to accrue only 70 mln USD which is still an enormous amount of money. 

How was it working then?

With the intent of stealing sensitive data, especially the financial one, Zeus can be introduced to a computer in two ways – phishing campaign or drive-in download. In 2007, social awareness of phishing was still low and the success rate of such campaigns was really high. They relied heavily on e-mails or text messages socially engineered in order for the potential victim to click on the link that led to infecting a particular device with malware. As Zeus was intended mostly for various versions of Microsoft Windows, phishing, in that case, was based on e-mails. The second option, a drive-in download, relies on the victim downloading a file from for example website without the knowledge that it is infected. In both cases, Zeus is profoundly hard to detect because it leverages the stealth techniques and mutates itself similarly to biological viruses.

After infecting a particular device, Zeus is monitoring closely websites that the victim visits and recognizes when a person is on a banking website. Then, it is possible to steal text user fills in web forms, gather keystrokes, and take screenshots when the mouse is clicked. Zeus’s actions can be interconnected with the term man-in-the-browser (MiTB) attacks where malware behaves the same way as there would be another person in the room with the user closely watching his actions. 

Where is Zeus now?

Due to the Zeus code leak in 2011, its activity lowered, and right now it is not perceived as a big threat to users’ financial data. With the rise of ransomware also Trojan horses were pushed into the back scene of hacking and stopped being that common. However, we shouldn’t forget that still there are a lot of threats hiding in the shadows of the internet, and wisely assess the websites we enter and the data we provide.  


  • Niebezpiecznik, Jak działa ZeuS?, 2012,
  • ZeuS, Dark Net Diaries podcast
  • Wikipedia, Zeus (malware),
  • Malwarebytes, The life and death of the ZeuS Trojan, 2021,
  • FBI, The Zeus Freud Scheme,

Elon Musk Will Not Join Twitter’s Board

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Jeff Bezos responds to Elon Musk's poll asking if Twitter HQ should be  converted into homeless shelter | Fox Business

Elon Musk, the world’s wealthiest man and the biggest shareholder of Twitter, will no longer join the social media service’s board of directors, the company said late Sunday. On Tuesday, Twitter announced that the billionaire would be appointed to its 11-person board for a term that expires in 2024. The invitation to join the board followed Mr. Musk’s accumulating a 9.2 percent stake in the company, making him its largest shareholder. 

However, Parag Agrawal, Twitter’s chief executive, tweeted late Sunday that the situation had changed. On Saturday morning, Mr. Musk — who is a heavy Twitter user with more than 81 million followers — told the company he would no longer become a board member, Mr. Agrawal said.

By not joining Twitter’s board, Mr. Musk will also no longer be bound by a previous agreement he had signed with the company. Under a “standstill” agreement last week, he had pledged not to purchase more than 14.9 percent of Twitter’s stock and not to take over the company. That suggests Mr. Musk could now keep adding to his stake in the company.

When Twitter revealed in an S.E.C. filing on Monday that Mr. Musk had bought the stake in the company, the news was greeted with fanfare. As a prolific Twitter user, Mr. Musk’s investment appeared to be a vote of confidence in the company, sending its stock soaring that day by more than 25 percent.

Mr. Musk’s purchases of Twitter stock also came at a delicate time for the company. Twitter has been going through a transition since Jack Dorsey, a company founder, stepped down as chief executive last year. Mr. Agrawal, the chief technology officer, was appointed in his place.


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Big brother is watching you and this is cool.Ukrainian app Diia provided by the government

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The topic of digitalisation is quite mainstream nowadays. The fear of being watched all the time with no privacy became our routine reality. There are a lot of books and movies that show us how technology might be used by the government, evil corporation (which sometimes is the same thing) or crazy villain. For instance, The Mitchels vs The Machines, Black Mirror and well-known Orwell’s prophetic book. This topic is still being accurate and people keep arguing whether it is possible to replace people with machines. 

    Nevertheless, as we all know, technologies might be not only evil, but also quite useful – thanks God we do not have to wait for a dove to bring our letters anymore. This trend for digitalisation is followed not only by companies but also by the governments of different countries. The most digitized countries from the EU based on the Digital Economy and Society Index (DESI) are Denmark, Finland, Sweden, Netherlands and Ireland. However, in this article I want to extend my thoughts about one specific country. You might have never thought about it in such circumstances – especially right now, when you can see this country’s flag all over the world – blue sky and yellow field. Exactly,I am talking about Ukraine. This is my Motherland, so I would like people to know more about how awesome my country is. 

    The head of Ministry of Digital Transformations Mikhail Fedorov has launched both web-site and app called Diia -Дія ( you have all your digital document  and online public service. Let`s go through all of this with more details. First of all, the origin of the name comes from getting 3 words together – Government And I – Держава І Я (in case you know how to read in cyrylica), so in English it would be GAI. One more interesting quibble is that Diia in Ukrainian also means “action”. 

A little bit more about the app itself – it is the folder where digital copies of user documents are stored. And they are officially recognized by the government as analogues of paper or plastic documents. At the initial stage, immediately after the launch of the application, only two documents could be kept in digital form – a driver’s license and a vehicle registration certificate. For a large part of Ukrainians who had neither, this application was useless, but it relieved drivers of the need to copy in the glove compartment and almost eliminated the danger of receiving a fine for forgotten rights. Later, the digitized documents were accompanied by an ID-passport, a biometric passport and a student card. Digital documents are verified using a QR code. “We plan that the e-passport will completely replace ID-cards and paper ones,” Mikhail Fedorov said. The Facebook page of the Ministry of Digital Transformations claims that Ukraine is the first country in the world where it is possible to use a digital passport and at the same time not present a paper or plastic analogue. 

Despite that, in Diia you can include your vaccination certificate (both in Ukrainian and English). Also, to encourage people to vaccinate and use Diia, our government provided a service “isSupport” , where you can receive 1000 hrn via this app if you have a green COVID certificate and spend this money to buy books, gym membership or tickets to any cultural events to support business after COVID-19. The 1 000 hrn is €30 , which is enough in Ukraine to visit the cinema 2-3 times and buy 2 – 4 books. I can say that it was 100% effective based on my life experience. I originally come from a small town (almost a village), where we have almost no events and no cinema or theatre, so most of my friends and relatives have spent this money on books, even these ones, who never actually read

Besides, you can pay fines, renovate some of your documents and even create a document to become an Individual entrepreneur.  

    Diia app is also accurate in current circumstances, as the “isSupport” service has changed its function, so now people from some particular regions who have lost their jobs because of the war can receive 7 500 hrn (€230), but this time they can spend them whenever they want. Additionally, via this app you can help Ukrainian army and inform them whether you have seen an enemy equipment of the occupiers or find a game “isBayraktar” where you are trying to bomb russian tanks

    To my mind, Diia is a very convenient and useful app, which helps us to be closer to our government and treat it better. Nevertheless, there are some problems that are currently trying to be solved. For instance, still not every person has a modern smartphone and even if they do, not everyone feels a need to understand how it works – now I am mostly referring to older people. Anyway, Ukrainian government has chosen the right direction of development and I am very proud of it. 




Elon Musk’s Starlink arrives in Ukraine but what next?

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Starlink – Pierwsze opinie o satelitarnym internecie Elona Muska |

Ukraine’s deputy prime minister Mykhailo Fedorov confirmed that the lorry with the Starling dishes has arrived in Ukraine to help the country to fight with Russian aggression.

Stepan Veselovskyi, chief executive of Lviv IT Cluster says that currently internet services in most Ukrainian cities are working well but it will be important for businesses to have a contingency plan if networks fail.

Alp Toker of NetBlocks cautioned against seeing Starlink as a substitute for phone networks and broadband: “Starlink can provide connectivity by creating a personal hotspot for people who are in the vicinity of the device. So this is very useful for journalists, for resistance groups or the elected government.”

From my point of view, Starlink is a future for Ukraine and Ukrainians. People could experience something new and it will help a lot in stopping the aggression from the Russian side. Thank you, Elon Musk!


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VR is on a new level. Emerge Home allows a tactile experience.

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Nowadays, VR techs are actively developing and in the next article one of such cutting-edge technologies will be described. The Emerge Home system is a breakthrough, which allows you not only to immerse yourself in the world of virtual reality and metaverses but also to feel the inner virtual space with bare hands. It is not just a VR set that allows you to see the 3D objects in the virtual worlds or games, but also to interact with them, to sense their shape, and help the user to get as much VR experience as possible, transporting him or her into the virtual world with just a few clicks. 

The Emerge Home system is currently at the development stage, and its VR kit consists of two main tech components and a mobile application. 

How does everything work?

The first tech component that helps the user to enlarge his VR experience is a VR headset (Emerge Home Quest 2 app). 

The second component is the Emerge Wave-1 desktop device that conveys a physical experience with breakthrough technology. Sculpted ultrasonic waves on the surface of the system create a field in the air up to three feet above the device itself and allow users to interact with virtual objects. Moreover, the system itself is similar in size to a thirteen-inch laptop.  

For the final step, the user has to install a dedicated Emerge Home mobile app, which allows him or her to connect the devices, customize the avatar and set a Center environment. Moreover, this application is capable of sending messages, creating rooms, and inviting your friends before gathering in the metaverse.

Based on research conducted by the National Research Group, It can be concluded that more than half of potential customers (78% of respondents) claim that when communicating with people virtually, they lack the opportunity of physical contact, and this cutting-edge VR system can significantly improve the situation. 

However, there is a high risk that, in the nearest future, live communication, which is an important factor in human interactions, will be replaced by such kinds of technologies. 

Any breakthrough in science is valuable. Some people may find it useful, while others may see it as technology that brings more harm. However, Emerge’s expertise can help the science and progress of virtual reality, and not only facilitate human interaction but also lead to new innovations that follow.


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An overview of low-code and no-code

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There’s a lot of buzz around the no-code/low-code.
What is it actually? And can you use it for free?

The Rise of No-Code Development Platforms - Zvolv

No-code is a way of making software, that doesn’t require any code and technically, any engineering knowledge. It generally provides a drag and drop interface, with pre-defined components. Its shortcomings are customizability and a limited number of standard functions. Usually, it’s made for one domain like database, automation, or graphical web development.
It’s associated with the wet dream of citizen development – everyone being empowered to ship software for the corporation.


Low-code is meant for people with engineering knowledge. It is not “citizen development” It’s supposed to make people “code and deploy very fast”[1]
A low-code platform reduces the complexity of development (e.g. takes care of hosting), therefore time to market. Its shortcomings are again, customizability, and types of structures it’s not designed to handle. As Veselin Pizurica described in his blog post on – if the platform is designed vertically – for one use case, not horizontally, any deviation will require extensive work, or even re-write.

Charlie has a meltdown – FX, It’s Always Sunny in Philadelphia episode “Sweet Dee Has a Heart Attack”

Because of these issues, most devs ignore low code/no code. There’s yet another snake oil that’s supposed to fix everything and make everything run 10x smoother. Yet once you start using it, most of your work is work around some constraints – the most known example would be probably WordPress, the content management system that can be described as no-code. It’s certainly not a great experience for developers and the most productive one.

Case Study

Having that in mind, it does have its merits. Take it as an example – no-code is great for making small, non-critical internal tools. You probably don’t want a tool, being used by your organization all the time, to be suboptimal. It doesn’t matter if it costs 1k or 50k to develop. Costs won’t matter here. However let’s say there’s a tool, that you’d want one department in one branch to have, maybe it’s an MVP, no-code platforms can enable you to have that, at 0.01 or 0.1 times the cost. As an example of citizen development – my friend, a non-programmer, just the other way made a tool at his workplace for dumping information about clients in a table, into an MS Teams chat, specifically into a OneNote document that’s pinned, using PowerAutomate. Certainly not the optimal solution, but it works. Review – UPDATED 2021 – Tutorials, Templates & More! | Quko Studio

Bubble – a platform that has a mission to make technical co-founders obsolete. The drag-and-drop platform claims to be able to build almost anything – even sites like Facebook or Airbnb. Of course, it will be not greatly engineered and could be difficult, as a non-developer to think in an algorithmic and system design way. But it works! (ish)

When it comes to no-code platforms you should know, as they also could prove quite useful:

  • – web development
  • Zapier, IFTTT, n8n, Integromat – automation
  • Airtable – “spreadsheet and a database in one”
  • PowerApps, PowerAutomate from Microsoft
  • Google Sheets, Excel; AppSheet – turns spreadsheet into an app
  • – enterprise automation
  • Notion – reportedly people consider it as a no-code tool
NocoDB : The Open Source Airtable Alternative - DEV Community

When it comes to Free and Open Source Software, here’s a list, you can use:

  • Databases – NocoDB – like Airtable, but FOSS and more focused on the database
  • Internal tools: AppSmith, ToolJet, BudiBase
  • Web apps: BudiBase, WordPress (if you call it no-code)
  • Automation: n8n, Huginn, Pipedream
Check new n8n major releases - Workflow -


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How artificial intelligence is shaping religion in the 21st century

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AI is fully embedded in everyday life and all areas of existence. Every day, our every choice about the ordered food or the post we liked in the social. the network affects the subsequent, progress has not spared religion either.

Muslims are delighted with apps like Muslim Pro, showing prayer times and sending notifications for sunset and sunrise. The Japanese have created a robot priest performing Buddhist rituals that cost 3 times less than human services.

Faith leaders are increasingly concerned with building humanoid machines, but the relationship between technology and religion has not always been smooth.

The fight against “machines” is divided into three stages: rejection, acceptance and adaptation. Due to the rapid development of technological progress, the initial negative reaction turns into support for the mainstream.

For example, a 400-year-old temple in Kyoto has a new priest named Mindar. Like other worshipers, he reads sermons and communicates with parishioners, although he has some features, such as a silicone metal case and the price of its exploitation (“services”) in a million dollars.

Mindar’s metal skeleton is naked and I think this is an interesting choice – its creator, Hiroshi Ishiguro, is not trying to make something that looks completely human.

Natasha Heller, assistant professor of Chinese religions at the University of

This statement provides a variety of technological influences on religious culture. Some believe that AI can interest the heavenly people, taking into account their interests and will become an object of worship itself, such as Anthony Lewandowski, who initiated a major lawsuit Uber / Waymo, which founded the first AI church called “Path of the Future.”

Others think that people tend to find their similarity in everything and the subsequent created machines will themselves determine their belonging to the culture, telling about their views and new possible religious visions.



Analysing material stress by images, future of physics and AI

Reading Time: 2 minutes

Engineering, physics – these fields of science can be named as BFF. Creators should even begin from the force of gravity law in order to make any mechanism work; each mech firstly has to fit some characteristics as form, consistency and its deformation capacity to proceed with. However, the equations solving can be computationally expensive, depends on material complexity.

MIT researchers decided to deeply focused on resolving and presented an Artificial Intelligence soft determining stress and strain of a material based on image recognition.

“This is always a difficult problem. It’s very expensive and it can take days, weeks or even months to run certain material simulations. So we thought, let’s teach an AI to solve this problem. […] From an image, the computer can predict all these forces: deformations, stresses, etc.”

Markus Buehler

An algorithm was developed by Zhenze Yang (lead author and PhD student in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering), Chi-Hua Yu (former MIT postdoc) and Markus J. Buehler (Director of the Atomic and Molecular Mechanics Laboratory and Professor of Engineering at McAfee), providing the possibility to implement connect computer vision and material in a real-time.

As data researches used different materials with various “from soft to hard” consistency. Main Machine Learning model was based on GAN (generative adversarial network) matching dozen of images to the future system in order to get the general “understanding” and as an addition be able to visualize micro details and singularities like cracks and other deformities.

In order to understand the pressure exerted with certain conditions objects were interpreted in random geometrical figures.


image strain

This visualization shows the deep-learning approach in predicting physical fields given different input geometries. The left figure shows a varying geometry of the composite in which the soft material is elongating, and the right figure shows the predicted mechanical field corresponding to the geometry in the left figure.

The recent innovation will open many doors in resolving estimating risk issues; a significant guarantee of constructions stability increase and revealing the potential of AI and computer vision in perspective.


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