Category Archives: Blockchain

A serious step after the rise of AI: The World’s Largest GPU DePIN build on Solana

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With their unmatched computational power, Graphics Processing Units (GPUs) have become the unsung heroes of the artificial intelligence (AI) scene, driving developments. In this paper, we explore the revolutionary potential of GPUs, especially with reference to the largest GPU DePIN build on Solana system in the world. This innovative infrastructure is a prime example of how powerful GPUs can be in fostering AI innovation, completely changing the field of computational research and application. Come along as we explore the incredible relationship that exists between GPUs and AI, as well as how this massive system has the potential to push the frontiers of what is possible in terms of technology. is the project bringing AI to the world, with the mission to put together one million GPUs in a DePIN. In fact, it means that has 73,000+ independent node operators around the world. The number of nodes is growing every day, so IO DePIN Network is a “Game Changer” in its sphere. However, such a big amount of users is caused by several advantages on the market, not only because of good marketing. Firstly, users have unlimited flexibility to choose from the world’s best GPUs and customize. Secondly, users can access the network in a matter of seconds. Thirdly, with high cost efficiency, can be up to 90% cheaper than the competition. With a lot of experience, is moving forward together with its community, despite high costs that were significant for them.

AI compute requirements have been growing tenfold every 18 months. OpenAI’s rental of over 300K CPUs and 10K GPUs for GPT-3 training marks just the beginning of this compute-intensive era. was born out of need. Urgently, they envisioned and launched the DePIN revolution. The future, where computing power has no bounds, is welcomed by I am really interested in this project and believe that their motto: “Your need, our focus” exactly describes their idea.



Bitcoin Halving: Balancing Supply and Demand in the Digital Gold Rush

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Bitcoin, the pioneer of cryptocurrencies, dances to a unique rhythm—a rhythm dictated by halving events. These periodic occurrences, akin to celestial alignments, shape the very fabric of the digital gold rush. In this succinct blog post, we’ll unravel the mysteries of Bitcoin halving, its implications, and the symphony it conducts in the crypto universe.

What Is Bitcoin Halving?

Imagine a cosmic clock ticking every 210,000 blocks—roughly every four years. This celestial event, known as halving, orchestrates a reduction in the block reward bestowed upon miners. Initially, miners received 50 bitcoins per block. But with each halving, this reward is sliced in half. The first halving brought it down to 25 bitcoins, the second to 12.5, and currently, it stands at 6.25 bitcoins per block (as of May 2023).

The Purpose of Halving

Halving isn’t a mere cosmic quirk; it’s a deliberate mechanism. Here’s why:

  1. Supply Control: By curbing the issuance of new bitcoins, halving maintains scarcity. Scarce assets tend to appreciate in value, and Bitcoin is no exception. As the reward dwindles, the total supply approaches its asymptotic limit of 21 million coins.
  2. Inflation Defense: Traditional fiat currencies suffer from inflation due to central banks printing more money. Bitcoin, however, adheres to a fixed supply schedule. Halving ensures that the rate of new coin creation slows down, safeguarding against runaway inflation.

Historical Impact

Past halvings have been akin to cosmic crescendos. They’ve often heralded bull markets, propelling Bitcoin’s price to new heights. However, history doesn’t guarantee future performances. While the cosmos hums with anticipation for the next halving in April or May 2024, we tread cautiously. Will it be a symphony of surging prices, or will the notes falter?

The Monetary Revolution

Bitcoin’s monetary policy stands in stark contrast to the fiat world. Imagine a single chart encapsulating the entire monetary strategy: the blue curve represents Bitcoin’s fixed supply, while the orange line marks the block reward. It’s a symphony of transparency, devoid of central banks’ whims.


As we await the next halving, let’s remember that Bitcoin isn’t just code; it’s a revolution. Its cosmic choreography—halving—shapes its destiny. Whether it’s a celestial crescendo or a subtle note, only time will tell. So, fellow stargazers, keep your eyes on the blockchain—the cosmic ballet continues.


Halving bitcoin: Co to jest, jak działa, jak może wpłynąć na cenę BTC?

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Unlocking Trust : Blockchain-based Personal Reputation Opportunity

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Trust plays a vital role in the fast and ever-growing digital world. Whether it’s online shopping or engaging with social media, trust is the foundation that ensures the safety and prosperity of our digital and life experiences. Introducing personal reputation systems built on blockchain technology, which present a groundbreaking solution for cultivating trust in the digital domain.In a world that is predominantly centralized, the concept of decentralized trust emerges as a powerful force.Blockchain technology presents a wonderful approach: a decentralized trust framework that distributes trust across a network of nodes, eliminating any single points of failure and bolstering security.

The immutability and transparency of blockchain technology are harnessed by personal reputation systems that operate on the blockchain. These systems record and verify the interactions and contributions made by individuals in digital communities. Each user is given a distinct digital identity, securely stored on the blockchain using cryptography. This identity collects reputation scores derived from their actions, transactions, and feedback received from peers.To safeguard privacy, reputation systems built on blockchain technology empower users to have full control over the disclosure of their reputation data, enabling them to determine who can access and view their reputation scores.The design of these systems ensures interoperability across multiple platforms and applications, enabling users to seamlessly transfer their reputation scores between different digital communities and ecosystems. Blockchain-based personal reputation systems can enhance trust and security in marketplaces by providing transparent and verifiable reputation scores for buyers and sellers, reducing the risk of fraud and enhancing user confidence. In social networking platforms, personal reputation systems can increase positive interactions and contributions, fostering a healthier and more constructive online environment while mitigating the spread of misinformation and abusive behaviour.

Conclusion :

As blockchain technology continues to evolve and mature, the potential applications of blockchain-based personal reputation systems are boundless. By harnessing the power of decentralized trust, these systems have the potential to transform how we interact, transact, and collaborate in the digital age. It is a big help nowadays , which allow people always be more productive, efficient, secure  and as a result generate a lot of money.

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Blockchain and Cryptocurrencies

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Blockchain technology, initially known for supporting digital currencies like Bitcoin, is now making significant strides beyond the realm of cryptocurrencies. With its immutable and decentralized nature, blockchain has found applications in various sectors, including supply chain management, finance, and decentralized applications (DApps). This article explores the expanding influence of blockchain technology and its potential to revolutionize industries beyond digital currencies.

Blockchain technology continues to witness significant developments and advancements across various industries. Here are some of the recent trends and updates in the blockchain and cryptocurrency space:

  • Enterprise Adoption of Blockchain: Companies are increasingly recognizing the potential of blockchain technology for enhancing efficiency and transparency in their operations. Major enterprises from different sectors, such as IBM, Microsoft, and Walmart, are actively exploring blockchain solutions and forming partnerships to leverage its benefits.
  • Decentralized Finance (DeFi) Boom: Decentralized Finance has emerged as one of the most significant trends in the blockchain industry. DeFi platforms provide financial services like lending, borrowing, and trading without intermediaries, enabling users to have more control over their assets. The total value locked in DeFi protocols has been rapidly increasing, attracting attention from investors and regulators.
  • Central Bank Digital Currencies (CBDCs): Central banks worldwide are exploring the concept of digital currencies, often referred to as Central Bank Digital Currencies (CBDCs). These digital currencies could be built on blockchain technology, providing enhanced security, efficiency, and potentially enabling new monetary policies. Countries like China, Sweden, and the Bahamas have already made progress in developing and piloting CBDCs.
  • Non-Fungible Tokens (NFTs): Non-Fungible Tokens (NFTs) have gained significant attention recently. NFTs are unique digital assets tied to blockchain, allowing artists, musicians, and creators to sell and authenticate their digital creations. This trend has created new opportunities for artists to monetize their work and has seen both traditional and digital art marketplaces embracing NFT technology.
  • Blockchain Interoperability: Interoperability is becoming a crucial focus area in the blockchain space. Efforts are underway to enable seamless communication and data transfer between different blockchain networks, allowing them to work together and share resources. Projects like Polkadot, Cosmos, and ICON are addressing this challenge, aiming to create a connected ecosystem of blockchains.

The problems and solutions

Environmental Sustainability: The energy consumption associated with blockchain, particularly proof-of-work (PoW) consensus algorithms, has raised concerns about its environmental impact. As a result, there has been growing interest in exploring more energy-efficient consensus mechanisms, such as proof-of-stake (PoS). Additionally, initiatives like the Crypto Climate Accord aim to make the crypto industry 100% renewable by 2025.

Regulatory Developments: Governments and regulatory bodies worldwide are grappling with how to regulate blockchain and cryptocurrencies. Efforts are being made to establish frameworks to ensure consumer protection, prevent money laundering, and foster innovation. Countries like the United States, Switzerland, and Singapore are taking steps to create clearer regulatory environments for blockchain-based projects.

Conclusion: Blockchain technology has surpassed its initial reputation as the underlying technology for cryptocurrencies. With its secure, transparent, and decentralized nature, blockchain has demonstrated potential across various industries. Advancements in supply chain management, finance, and decentralized applications highlight the expanding influence of blockchain beyond digital currencies. As the technology continues to evolve, it is essential to address the challenges and explore its full potential to create a more efficient, transparent, and secure digital future. It’s important to note that the blockchain and cryptocurrency space is rapidly evolving, and new developments continue to emerge regularly. Staying up-to-date with the latest news and trends from reliable sources will provide a more comprehensive understanding of the current state of the industry.


AI generator:

Used prompts:

  • Actual trends
  • Problems and solutions
  • future of Blockchain and Cryptocurrencies

Cryptocurrency’s Dark Side: Money Laundering and Other Criminal Activities

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Cryptocurrency’s Dark Side:

Cryptocurrency has become increasingly popular in recent years, but its anonymous nature and ease of use have also made it a prime target for criminals. Money laundering, drug trafficking, and terrorist financing are just a few of the illicit activities that cryptocurrency has been used to facilitate.

One of the biggest challenges in combating cryptocurrency-related crime is the difficulty of tracing transactions. Unlike traditional financial transactions, cryptocurrency transactions are not subject to the same regulatory oversight. This makes it difficult for law enforcement to track down criminals and recover stolen funds. Another challenge is the international nature of cryptocurrency transactions. Criminals can easily transfer cryptocurrency across borders, making it difficult for law enforcement to jurisdictionally investigate and prosecute crimes.

Despite these challenges, there are a number of steps that can be taken to address the use of cryptocurrency for criminal purposes. One important step is to increase regulation of the cryptocurrency industry. This would help to increase transparency and make it more difficult for criminals to use cryptocurrency anonymously. Another important step is to improve international cooperation in investigating and prosecuting cryptocurrency-related crimes. Law enforcement agencies need to be able to share information and coordinate their efforts across borders in order to effectively combat this type of crime.

Market Manipulation

Cryptocurrency markets are highly susceptible to manipulation. This is due in part to the lack of regulation and the relatively small size of the cryptocurrency market.

One common form of market manipulation is wash trading. Wash trading is when an insider buys and sells the same cryptocurrency at the same time in order to create artificial trading volume. This can make the cryptocurrency appear more popular and valuable than it actually is.

Another common form of market manipulation is front-running. Front-running is when an insider uses their knowledge of upcoming trades to place their own trades ahead of time. This allows them to profit from the price movements that they have created.

Market manipulation can have a significant impact on investors. When investors are misled into believing that a cryptocurrency is more valuable than it actually is, they may be more likely to invest in it. This can lead to significant losses when the price of the cryptocurrency eventually falls.

There are a number of steps that can be taken to address market manipulation in the cryptocurrency market. One important step is to increase regulation. Regulation would help to increase transparency and make it more difficult for insiders to manipulate the market.

Another important step is to educate investors about the risks of market manipulation. Investors need to be aware of the different ways in which the market can be manipulated and how to protect themselves from becoming victims.

Investment Risks

Cryptocurrency is a very risky investment. Cryptocurrencies are volatile and unregulated, which means that their prices can fluctuate wildly. This makes them a poor choice for investors who are not comfortable with a high degree of risk.

In addition, cryptocurrency exchanges have been hacked on numerous occasions, resulting in the theft of millions of dollars worth of cryptocurrency. Investors also face the risk of losing their cryptocurrency if they forget their private keys or if their wallets are compromised.

Another risk associated with cryptocurrency investment is the potential for fraud. There have been a number of cases of cryptocurrency scams and Ponzi schemes. Investors need to be careful and do their research before investing in any cryptocurrency.

Environmental Impact

Cryptocurrency mining is a very energy-intensive process. In 2021, the Bitcoin network consumed more electricity than the entire country of Argentina. This is a major environmental concern, as it contributes to climate change.

In addition, cryptocurrency mining often takes place in countries with cheap electricity and lax environmental regulations. This can lead to environmental damage, such as air pollution and water contamination.

There are a number of ways to reduce the environmental impact of cryptocurrency mining. One way is to use renewable energy sources to power mining operations. Another way is to develop more efficient mining hardware.

Regulatory Challenges

Cryptocurrency is still a relatively new asset class, and there is no clear regulatory framework in place. This makes it difficult for investors to protect themselves from fraud and other abuses.

In addition, the lack of regulation makes it difficult for law enforcement to track down and prosecute criminals who use cryptocurrency.

There are a number of regulatory challenges that need to be addressed in order to create a more stable and secure cryptocurrency market. One challenge is to develop clear regulations that protect investors and prevent fraud. Another challenge is to develop international regulations that coordinate the oversight of cryptocurrency markets across borders.


Cryptocurrency has the potential to revolutionize the financial system, but it is important to be aware of the dark side of cryptocurrency before investing. Investors should carefully consider their risk tolerance and investment goals before making any decisions.

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As we all know, the US dollar has long played a humungous role in global markets. It continues to do so, even as the American economy has been producing a shrinking share of global output over the last two decades.

The US share in world merchandise exports has declined from 12 percent to 8 percent since 2000, the dollar’s share in world exports has held around 40 percent. For many countries fighting to bring down inflation, the weakening of their currencies relative PRIOR to the dollar has made the fight harder. On average, the estimated pass-through of a 10 percent dollar appreciation into inflation is 1 percent. Such pressures are especially acute in emerging markets, reflecting their higher import dependency and greater share of dollar-invoiced imports compared with advanced economies. The dollar is at its highest level since 2000, having appreciated 22 percent against the yen, 13 percent against the Euro and 6 percent against emerging market currencies since the start of this year.

As the chart illustrates, readings for a growing share of G20 countries have fallen from expansionary territory earlier this year to levels that signal contraction. That is true for both advanced and emerging market economies, underscoring the slowdown’s global nature. October PMI releases point to weakness in the fourth quarter, particularly in Europe. In China, intermittent pandemic lockdowns and the struggling real estate sector are contributing to a slowdown that can be seen not only in PMI data but also in investment, industrial production, and retail sales. This will inevitably have a significant impact on other economies due to China’s large role in trade.

Despite growing evidence of a global slowdown, policymakers should continue to prioritize containing inflation, which is contributing to a cost-of-living crisis, hurting low-income and vulnerable groups the most. As our G20 report emphasizes, the macroeconomic policy environment is unusually uncertain.

Global economic growth prospects are confronting a unique mix of headwinds, including from Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, interest rate increases to contain inflation, and lingering pandemic effects such as China’s lockdowns and disruptions in supply chains.In turn, our latest World Economic Outlook, released last month, lowered our global growth forecast for next year to 2.7 percent, and we expect countries accounting for more than one third of global output to contract during part of this year or next.

By contrast, the currencies of smaller economies that haven’t traditionally figured prominently in reserve portfolios, such as the Australian and Canadian dollars, Swedish krona and South Korean won, account for three quarters of the shift from dollars.

Two factors may help to explain the movement into this set of currencies:

  • These currencies combine higher returns with relatively lower volatility. This appeals increasingly to central bank reserve managers as foreign exchange stockpiles grow, raising the stakes for portfolio allocation.
  • New financial technologies—such as automatic market-making and automated liquidity management systems—make it cheaper and easier to trade the currencies of smaller economies.

The challenges that the global economy is facing are immense and weakening economic indicators point to further challenges ahead. However, with careful policy action and joint multilateral efforts, the world can move toward stronger and more inclusive growth. A regression analysis of global reserve currency shares confirms that a higher economic risk premium, measured by the cost of using credit derivatives to insure against default, reduces a currency’s share in global reserves. Evidently, holders favor the currencies of countries known for good governance, economic stability and sound finances. For the United States, despite the global fallout from a strong dollar and tighter global financial conditions, monetary tightening remains the appropriate policy while US inflation remains so far above target. Not doing so would damage central bank credibility, de-anchor inflation expectations, and necessitate even more tightening later—and greater spillovers to the rest of the world.




Ramp Network

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Cryptocurrency payments startup Ramp Network, based in Poland and London, has recently secured an impressive $70 million in fresh investment, defying the challenging fundraising landscape and the turmoil in the crypto industry. This Series B funding round, co-led by Mubadala Capital from the UAE and Korelya Capital from France, follows their successful $53 million Series A round less than a year ago. It stands as one of the largest funding rounds in the history of the Polish startup ecosystem.

What is Ramp Network?

Ramp Network provides a solution that allows clients, such as crypto wallets, exchanges, NFT marketplaces, and gaming companies, to seamlessly integrate crypto payment infrastructure into their existing systems. This integration enables users to purchase crypto assets without the need to switch between multiple applications. Ramp Network supports major payment methods like debit and credit cards, bank transfers, Apple Pay, and Google Pay, making it accessible to users in over 150 countries.

Navigating a Bearish Market

At a time when the global crypto market experienced a significant downturn, with a two-thirds decrease in value due to inflation and a bleak economic outlook, Ramp Network has managed to thrive. In 2022 alone, the platform witnessed a staggering 240% increase in transaction volumes compared to the previous year. Additionally, the total number of unique users has surged by over 600%. This remarkable growth sets Ramp Network apart from its competitors and demonstrates its resilience in the face of challenging market conditions.

Strategic Investments

Ramp Network’s Series B funding round attracted prominent investors from across the globe. Mubadala Capital, an Emirati venture capitalist, and Korelya Capital, a French venture capitalist, led the round. Furthermore, existing investor Balderton Capital, a UK-based venture capitalist, and Polish VC Cogito Capital also participated in the funding. The investments not only validate the potential of Ramp Network but also provide the necessary capital to further develop and expand its innovative crypto payment infrastructure.

The Path Ahead for Ramp Network

Szymon Sypniewicz, co-founder and CEO of Ramp Network, envisions making the platform even more accessible to a wider audience through the Series B funding. He plans to enter local markets and enable local payment methods, particularly focusing on Latin America and Asia. These regions have witnessed explosive crypto adoption and represent Ramp Network’s next strategic targets. The company also intends to continue hiring and invest in the further enhancement of its product line.

“We’re fully committed to our vision of making Web3 a reality for everyone. We recognize that a bear market is a builder’s market, and we’re in it for the long haul,” affirms Sypniewicz.

The Significance of Ramp Network in the Crypto World

Ramp Network’s ability to thrive during a challenging economic downturn highlights its pivotal role in the cryptocurrency ecosystem. Often compared to Stripe, a market-leading tool for e-commerce, Ramp Network aims to benefit from the growing trend of traditional companies embracing Web3. Web3 refers to the next generation of blockchain-powered businesses that prioritize decentralization and democratize ownership, in contrast to centralized platforms like Facebook and YouTube. This shift presents a significant opportunity, and Ramp Network is poised to capitalize on it, unlocking the industry’s vast potential.


Ramp Network’s recent funding success solidifies its position as a frontrunner in the crypto payments space. With its innovative infrastructure, the platform has enabled seamless integration of crypto payments for various businesses. Despite the bearish market conditions and the challenges faced by the crypto industry, Ramp Network has demonstrated remarkable growth and resilience. As it expands into local markets and continues to enhance its product line, Ramp Network is well-positioned to drive the adoption of cryptocurrencies and contribute to the realization of a decentralized Web3 future.







Unpacking Artificial Intelligence in Education

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AI’s integration into education has opened the doors to a new era of learning. As mentioned in a recent Education Next article, AI carries enormous promises for the education sector. One of the most significant benefits is personalization. AI algorithms can adapt to the unique needs of each student, providing tailored learning experiences. This means that learners can progress at their own pace, receiving additional support in areas where they struggle and advancing more quickly in subjects they excel in. The result? Improved learning outcomes and a more engaged, motivated student body.

Furthermore, AI can assist educators in identifying students who may need additional help or specialized learning plans. This early intervention can be a game-changer, preventing students from falling behind and ensuring that no one is left out. These advancements align with the goals of creating more inclusive and equitable education systems.


However, as AI becomes more integrated into educational settings, so too do its biases. A thought-provoking piece from Brookings highlights the risks associated with AI in education. AI systems learn from data, and if that data contains biases, the AI systems can perpetuate those biases. This means that students from historically marginalized groups may face discrimination in grading, recommendations, or access to educational resources.

Another concern is the depersonalization of learning. Relying too heavily on AI can lead to a lack of human interaction and emotional connection, potentially stunting social and emotional development.

Where It’s Heading

The future of AI in education is incredibly promising. AI’s influence extends far beyond personalized learning. As detailed in The New York Times, AI chatbots are becoming increasingly prevalent in the college application process. These chatbots assist both students and admissions officers by providing instant support and answers to common queries, streamlining the application process, and offering a glimpse into what future interactions with AI in education might look like.

Moreover, AI’s role in professional development is expanding. According to Voice of America News, AI tools can both aid and hinder worker performance. With careful implementation, they have the potential to create more efficient, productive, and adaptable workforces.

Who Is Using AI in Education

AI in education is not just a futuristic concept. In reality, many institutions, from primary schools to universities, are already embracing this technology. Many are leveraging AI to optimize administrative tasks, like scheduling and resource allocation. These efforts create more time for teachers and staff to focus on instruction and support for students.

Some pioneering schools have adopted AI-driven edtech solutions in the classroom. They offer personalized learning experiences, interactive lessons, and immediate feedback. This empowers teachers to become mentors, guiding students on their educational journeys.

How It Will Look in the Future

Looking ahead, AI in education is set to revolutionize the way we learn, teach, and administer educational institutions. We can expect more personalized, inclusive, and efficient education systems. However, the road ahead requires vigilance. Addressing the biases that AI can inherit from data and ensuring that ethical considerations are prioritized will be paramount.

As AI becomes more integrated into classrooms, we should also strive to maintain a balance between human interaction and technology. While AI can enhance learning experiences, the personal touch of educators remains invaluable.


In conclusion, AI in education is a double-edged sword. It offers tremendous benefits in terms of personalized learning, early intervention, and efficiency. Yet, the risks of perpetuating biases and depersonalization are very real. To harness the power of AI for good, education institutions, policymakers, and technology developers must work hand in hand to ensure that this powerful tool becomes a force for positive change. As we look to the future, it’s clear that AI will play an increasingly significant role in education, transforming the way we learn and teach, but it’s essential that we do so responsibly and with an eye toward equity and inclusion.

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How AI is Changing the Crypto Landscape for Better or Worse

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How AI is Changing the Crypto Landscape for Better or Worse

Artificial intelligence (AI) is a powerful technology that can enhance or disrupt the crypto industry. In this article, I will critically examine the arguments and evidence presented by some of the recent articles on this topic, and offer my own perspective on the benefits and challenges of AI for crypto.

AI and Crypto: A Match Made in Heaven?

Some articles claim that AI and crypto are a perfect combination, as they both rely on data, algorithms, and decentralization. For example, 1 argues that AI can solve many of the problems that plague the crypto market, such as fraud detection, price prediction, and trading optimization. 2 presents a study that shows how machine learning techniques can achieve high profitability in forecasting and trading cryptocurrencies, even under changing market conditions. 3 explores the benefits of AI for crypto investors, such as reducing human errors, increasing efficiency, and enhancing decision making.

However, these articles fail to address some of the limitations and risks of AI for crypto. First, AI is not a magic bullet that can guarantee success in the volatile and unpredictable crypto market. AI models are only as good as the data and assumptions they are based on, and they can still make mistakes or be manipulated by malicious actors. Second, AI can also pose ethical and social challenges for crypto, such as privacy invasion, bias, and inequality. For instance, AI can enable mass surveillance and censorship of crypto transactions and users, or create unfair advantages for some groups over others. Third, AI can also threaten the core values and principles of crypto, such as decentralization, transparency, and democracy. For example, AI can create centralized power structures or monopolies in the crypto space, or undermine the trust and participation of the community.

AI and Crypto: A Clash of Titans?

Other articles suggest that AI and crypto are in conflict or competition with each other, as they both aim to dominate the future of technology and society. For example, 4 reports on the rise of AI-focused projects in the crypto space, such as SingularityNET, which aims to create a decentralized network of AI agents that can exchange services and data using cryptocurrencies. 5 analyzes the effects of ChatGPT, a language bot powered by AI, on the prices of AI-based cryptocurrencies, such as AGIX. The article claims that ChatGPT has boosted the popularity and value of these tokens by generating positive sentiment and hype around them.

However, these articles overlook some of the opportunities and synergies that exist between AI and crypto. First, AI and crypto can complement each other by providing mutual benefits and solutions. For example, AI can help improve the scalability, security, and usability of crypto platforms and protocols, while crypto can provide incentives, rewards, and governance for AI systems and agents. Second, AI and crypto can collaborate with each other by creating new forms of innovation and value. For example, AI and crypto can enable new applications and use cases that were not possible before, such as decentralized autonomous organizations (DAOs), smart contracts, oracles, or NFTs. Third, AI and crypto can coexist with each other by respecting their differences and diversity. For example, AI and crypto can acknowledge their strengths and weaknesses, their goals and visions, and their roles and responsibilities in the technology ecosystem.


AI is a game-changer for the crypto industry, but it is not a simple or straightforward one. AI can bring both advantages and disadvantages for crypto, depending on how it is used and regulated. Therefore, it is important to have a critical and balanced view of the impact of AI on crypto, rather than blindly accepting or rejecting it. As a crypto enthusiast and an AI researcher, I believe that AI and crypto can work together to create a better future for technology and society if they are guided by ethical principles, human values, and social good.

Whole post was reedited by Bing AI in terms of visual and interface appearance

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Central Bank Digital Currencies (CBDCs)

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Prompt: explain cbdc’s: include opinions and diffrent views.

Central Bank Digital Currencies (CBDCs) are digital forms of a country’s fiat currency issued and  regulated by the central bank. They exist on a blockchain or distributed ledger technology, making  them a digitized version of traditional physical cash. CBDCs have garnered significant attention and generated a wide range of opinions and views. Here’s an overview of the concept, along with various opinions and different perspectives:

  1. Supporters of CBDCs:
    • Enhanced Financial Inclusion: Advocates argue that CBDCs can improve financial inclusion by providing access to banking and financial services to underserved populations, especially in regions with limited access to traditional banking.
    • Efficiency: Proponents believe CBDCs can streamline payment systems, reduce transaction costs, and enhance the efficiency of monetary policy implementation.
    • Fighting Illicit Activities: Some supporters argue that CBDCs can help combat illegal financial activities, such as money laundering and tax evasion, due to their traceability.
  2. Skeptics and Critics:
    • Privacy Concerns: Critics worry about the loss of financial privacy with CBDCs, as transactions can be tracked and monitored by authorities, raising concerns about government overreach.
    • Financial Stability Risks: Some express concerns that CBDCs could lead to bank disintermediation, potentially destabilizing the financial system as people might prefer holding CBDCs over traditional bank deposits.
    • Cybersecurity Risks: Skeptics raise concerns about the vulnerability of CBDCs to cyberattacks, potentially compromising the stability of the financial system.
    • Implementation Challenges: Critics argue that the adoption of CBDCs would require substantial infrastructure upgrades, and it might be challenging for some countries to implement them effectively.
  3. International Considerations:
    • Global Monetary System: The introduction of CBDCs has raised questions about the impact on the international monetary system and the role of the U.S. dollar as the world’s primary reserve currency.
    • Cross-Border Transactions: CBDCs could potentially simplify cross-border transactions, but there are concerns about interoperability and the potential for CBDCs to bypass the existing international financial system, leading to a loss of control for some countries.

Prompt: which blockchain technologies are cbdc’s using?

  1. Permissioned Blockchains: Many central banks are exploring permissioned blockchain technologies, such as Hyperledger Fabric, Corda, and Quorum. These blockchains allow the central bank to maintain a higher level of control and privacy by restricting access to authorized participants, typically financial institutions and government entities.
  2. Private Blockchains: Some central banks are developing CBDCs on private blockchains that are fully controlled by the central bank itself. These blockchains are not open to public participation and offer a high level of security and governance.
  3. Public Blockchains: While less common, some central banks are considering public blockchains like Ethereum for their CBDCs. Public blockchains provide transparency and decentralization, but central banks would need to carefully address privacy and control issues.
  4. Hybrid Solutions: Central banks might also opt for hybrid solutions, combining aspects of both private and public blockchains to strike a balance between transparency, control, and security.

Prompt: what are the values of ethereum blockchain in case of cbdc’s that make it better for such usage?

  1. Smart Contracts: Ethereum’s ability to execute smart contracts enables automated and programmable transactions. Central banks can use smart contracts to define and automate various financial processes, such as interest payments, compliance checks, and regulatory requirements.
  2. Interoperability: Ethereum is compatible with various standards and can interact with other blockchain networks, allowing for cross-chain transactions and potential interconnectivity between different CBDC implementations. This can be crucial for cross-border transactions and international trade.
  3. Decentralization: While CBDCs are typically centralized, using Ethereum allows central banks to leverage the benefits of a public blockchain while still maintaining control. They can choose the degree of decentralization that aligns with their monetary policy and security requirements.
  4. Security: Ethereum has a robust security infrastructure, with a large and active developer community continuously improving the network. This can help central banks ensure the safety and resilience of their CBDCs.
  5. Transparency: Ethereum’s public blockchain offers a high level of transparency, making it easier for regulators and the public to audit transactions. This transparency can enhance trust and accountability in the issuance and management of CBDCs.
  6. Immutable Record: Ethereum’s blockchain provides an immutable record of all transactions, which can be valuable for auditing and dispute resolution. It ensures that transaction history cannot be altered or tampered with.
  7. Token Standards: Ethereum has well-established token standards like ERC-20 and ERC-721, making it easier to create and manage digital assets, including CBDCs and other financial instruments.

Prompt: what are the requirements for blockchain to be adapted in cbdc ?

  1. Security: Blockchain systems used for CBDCs must prioritize robust security measures to protect against cyberattacks, fraud, and unauthorized access. This includes encryption, key management, and secure coding practices.
  2. Scalability: The blockchain must be capable of handling a high volume of transactions to support the needs of the entire economy. Scalability solutions like sharding or layer 2 solutions may be necessary.
  3. Privacy and Confidentiality: Depending on the design of the CBDC, privacy considerations can vary. The blockchain should provide an appropriate level of privacy for transaction participants while ensuring compliance with anti-money laundering (AML) and know your customer (KYC) regulations.
  4. Interoperability: The ability to interact with other blockchains, financial systems, and payment networks is essential for cross-border transactions and financial market integration.
  5. Regulatory Compliance: The blockchain system must comply with relevant financial and data protection regulations in the jurisdiction where it operates. This includes adherence to AML, KYC, and other financial regulations.
  6. Governance Framework: Central banks should establish clear governance mechanisms for the blockchain network, including decision-making processes, upgrades, and protocol changes.
  7. Central Bank Control: The central bank must have control over the issuance, management, and distribution of the CBDC to maintain monetary policy authority.
  8. Resilience and Redundancy: CBDC blockchain networks should have redundancy and fail-safe mechanisms to ensure system uptime and resilience against potential disruptions.
  9. User Accessibility: The system should be user-friendly and accessible to a wide range of participants, including the general public, financial institutions, and businesses.
  10. Auditing and Transparency: The blockchain should offer transparency to allow regulatory authorities and auditors to monitor transactions and verify the integrity of the system.
  11. Cross-Border Functionality: If international transactions are a consideration, the CBDC blockchain should enable cross-border payments and adhere to international standards.
  12. Token Standards: If the CBDC is tokenized, adherence to established token standards (e.g., ERC-20 or similar) can simplify integration with existing blockchain and financial infrastructure.
  13. Digital Identity: Robust digital identity and authentication mechanisms are critical to ensure that participants in the CBDC system are appropriately identified and verified.
  14. User Support and Education: A well-planned strategy for user support and education is crucial for the successful adoption of CBDCs, especially when the technology is new to a significant portion of the population.
  15. Scalable Infrastructure: The underlying infrastructure, including servers, storage, and networking, should be scalable to accommodate increased demand as adoption grows.

Prompt: what impact on crypto may cbdc’s have?

  1. Increased Competition: CBDCs could pose competition to existing cryptocurrencies, particularly stablecoins like USDC and USDT. Users might find CBDCs more attractive due to their stability, backing by central banks, and government guarantees.
  2. Regulatory Pressure: As governments introduce CBDCs, they may intensify their regulatory focus on other cryptocurrencies. This could lead to increased scrutiny, reporting requirements, and potential restrictions on certain crypto activities.
  3. Privacy Concerns: CBDCs might raise privacy concerns since they are typically issued and monitored by central banks. Users who value privacy may gravitate toward more privacy-focused cryptocurrencies like Monero or Zcash.
  4. Cross-Border Transactions: CBDCs could simplify cross-border transactions and reduce the need for intermediary banks, which is a significant use case for cryptocurrencies. Crypto projects aimed at facilitating cross-border payments may face competition from CBDCs.
  5. Volatility Mitigation: CBDCs may attract individuals and businesses looking for a digital currency with the stability of fiat. This could lead to reduced interest in cryptocurrencies as a store of value or medium of exchange.
  6. Integration with Existing Financial Systems: CBDCs are likely to integrate more seamlessly with traditional financial systems and infrastructure, potentially reducing the need for intermediaries that cryptocurrencies aimed to disrupt.
  7. Innovation and Collaboration: Central banks may collaborate with the private sector and leverage blockchain technology to create CBDCs. This could lead to advancements in blockchain technology and innovations within the cryptocurrency space.
  8. User Adoption: If governments actively promote and encourage the use of CBDCs, they may become the preferred digital payment method for many, potentially diminishing the interest and adoption of other cryptocurrencies.
  9. CBDC-Backed Tokens: Some governments may explore using blockchain technology to issue tokens representing CBDCs on public blockchains. This could create a bridge between CBDCs and the broader crypto ecosystem.
  10. Diversification of Investment Portfolios: Investors and institutions may view CBDCs as another asset class in addition to traditional fiat and cryptocurrencies, diversifying their portfolios.

This post is pretty general and focused on the topics that intresed me so if u want to do some research on your own here are the useful links:

Bank of international settlements:

Central bank digital currencies – Executive Summary ->

Lessons learnt on CBDCs ->

you can also use search bar on bis website for more specific pdf’s.

CBDC’s tracker:

Self explaining – tracks where and on what stage cbdc are developed -> /cbdctracker/

bridge-ing the crypto and cbdc:

use kozminski email as a “professional” email if regular one don’t work:–general__-__exm&kw=central_bank_digital_currency_exm&cr5=676224205111&cr7=c&utm_source=google&utm_medium=cpc&utm_campaign=search__-__intl__-__non_-_brand__-__cbdc&utm_term=central_bank_digital_currency_exm&utm_content=general__-__exm&gclid=Cj0KCQjw4bipBhCyARIsAFsieCzZ8O–3MkMDw5rSaQapmCcG4TYdsLa9OnjA3HdXhNVzqX20l8DTZAaAvk5EALw_wcB

Japan’s central bank results on cbdc testing:

Poland’s central bank developed take on cbdc: